He described the Ginkgo in his work “Amoenitatum Exoticarum” (Lemgo, ). It is assumed that Kaempfer saw a Ginkgo tree for the first time in his life in Nagasaki in February Later Kaempfer brought Ginkgo-seeds to Holland. KAEMPFER, ENGELBERT, German physician and traveler to Russia, the Orient, and the Far East (b. Lemgo, Westphalia, 16 September ;. English: Engelbert Kaempfer (September 16, – November 2, ), a German naturalist and physician is known for his tour of Russia.

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Curious Scientific and Medical Observations. Engelbert Kaempfer was born in Lemgo on September 16, as one of the sons of Johannes Entelbert, a pastor, and his wife Christine Drepper.

Engelbert Kaempfer

Over the years as he studied and traveled, he became an extremely proficient, self-educated scientist, with a deep knowledge of medicine, botany, natural history, and pharmacology, and of the ways of the countries he visited.

He then joined the Dutch East Indian Company and went via India to Batavia in Indonesia where he studied all available sources on Japan, which was then basically closed to the outside world. Muntschick, Wiesbaden, [contains the fifth part of the Amoenitates ]. A first attempt had failed in During the journey Kaempfer exhibited a constant interest in historical sites, landscapes, and natural curiosities. Due to his training in many topics such as mathematics, astronomy, natural science and medicine, Kaempfer must be seen as the first person with a scientific approach to countries in Asia which are very different from Engelebrt.

In he joined a Swedish trade mission destined enbelbert Persia and arrived in Isfahan in April 19, This article is available in print. His systematic description of teaas well as his other work on Japanese plants, was praised by Linnaeuswho adopted some of Kaempfer’s plant names, such as Ginkgo.


Kaempfer was one of the greatest European travelers and scientists of the late 17th century. Topic select a topic He brought some Ginkgo seeds back that were planted in the botanical garden in Utrecht. During the remaining four years of his life he kaempfe not able to find a publisher for his manuscripts.

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Engelbert Kaempfer: The History of Japan (1727)

Today, Kaempfer’s collection and manuscripts can be found in the British Museum in London. In he married and he had three children, all of whom died in their infancy. In Japan adopted a foreign relations policy of seclusion Sakoku that was in force until Submitted tags will be reviewed by site administrator before it is posted online. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Engekbert. If you enter several tags, separate with commas.

Even though the Shogunate government at the time was bent on not allowing any information on Japan to reach foreigners it was strictly forbidden to make sketches on any military and other important buildingsKaempfer made drawings to which he added the descriptions in Arabic and got away with it.

Afterwards he decided not to return with the legation, but to proceed further into Asia for more studies. Terwiel; V, Notitiae Malabaricae ced.

Kaempfer’s work of a lifetime remained a fragment due to his death. Kaempfer returned to Holland by way of Java, entered the University of Leiden and received his doctorate in medicine. He then went to Sweden Dictionary of Scientific Biographyv.

The history of Japan: Retrieved from ” https: Kaempfer died on November 2, Gaur; VI, Russlandtagebuch ded.

Engelbert Kaempfer: The History of Japan () – Eisenbibliothek

The mandatory annual trips, which took one month each, kept the Kaempffr rulers informed of Europe and its civilization. The original first edition with its many details and pictures is well worth looking at, however reading the whole book may be cumbersome as the volume cannot be taken out of the library. Slightly altered, it is also incorporated as part three in the Amoenitates Amoenitates, pp.


Because of the tropical climate, he soon fell ill and nearly died. Although his observations while in Persia did much to enhance Western knowledge of the Safavid court and the site of Persepolis, it is for his oft-translated description of Japan that he is best remembered in Europe. Among many other Japanese plants, it included an illustration of a camellia and introduced 23 varieties.

Engelbert Kaempfer – Cincinnati History Library and Archives

English title page of Volume I Source: The Dutch East India Company established a trading post on a man-made island not considered Japanese soil in the bay of Nagasaki.

He died inhaving produced only the Amoenitatum Exoticarumwhich includes information about Japanese paper-making, natural history, a chapter on the date palm, and descriptions of about plants. Views View Edit History. From Shemakha in Shirvanhe made kzempfer expedition to the Baku peninsulabeing perhaps the first modern scientist to visit the ‘fields of eternal fire’ around Baku. Of paramount importance is his drawing of a part of the engelbertt, later printed in the Amoenitatesp.

This page was last edited on 18 Novemberat Geschichte und Beschreibung von Japan. In the 21st laempfer it is considered to have some value.

Kaempfer’s journals and papers are in the Hans Sloane papers in the British Library. It was first published at London, in 2 vols.

Share Share this page more less. Here Fabritius had to negotiate the terms for the storage engelhert the materials bought for Persia.

He was about 24 years of age, well vers’d in the Chinese and Japanese languages, and very desirous of improving himself.